Date of attack

17 Mar 1943

 Fate

Sunk by U-338 (Manfred Kinzel)

Position

51.55N, 32.41W - Grid AK 8599

Complement

49 (24 dead and 25 survivors).

Convoy

SC-122

Route New York (5 Mar) - Loch Ewe - Hull

Torpedoed and Sunk in The North Atlantic - 1943

Cargo

5000 tons of steel, 500 tons of tobacco and 493 tons of high explosives

History

Launched as War Trooper for The Shipping Controller, completed in December 1919 as Greek Ambatielos for N.E. Ambatielos, Argostoli.

1923 sold to Britain and renamed King Gruffydd for Dodd, Thomson & Co Ltd, London.

On 14 Sep, 1939, the King Gruffydd was requisitioned by the Admiralty as Q-ship HMS Maunder (X 28). From 12 Mar, 1941 until 22 Aug, 1941, the vessel was used as armed merchant cruiser and then transferred to the Ministry of War Transport (MoWT). The ship was reverted to the steam merchant King Gruffydd and returned to the owner in December 1941.

Notes on event

At 03.05 hours on 17 Mar, 1943, U-338 fired a spread of two torpedoes at the convoy SC-122 southeast of Cape Farewell and Kinzel thought that he had hit one ship, but in fact the Kingsbury in station #51 and the King Gruffydd in station #52 were hit and sunk. At 03.06 hours, a second spread of two torpedoes was fired, one of them struck the Alderamin in station #61, which sank later in 51°30N/34°55W. At 03.07 hours, the stern torpedo was fired, which missed the intended target, the Alderamin, but damaged the Fort Cedar Lake in station #124.

The master, 21 crew members and two gunners from the King Gruffydd (Master Hywell Griffiths) were lost. 18 crew members and seven gunners were picked up by the British rescue ship Zamalek (Master Owen Charles Morris, DSO) and landed at Gourock on 22 March.

   Crew List

Career Summary

1923 Purchased from Government renamed King Gruffydd

Master

Date

Left

Destination

H Griffiths

3/1943

New York

Hull

Torpedoed & sunk

Vessel

Built

Tonnage

Official No

Ship Builder

Engine Builder

Engine Type

HP

Screws

King Gruffydd (2)

1919

5063

147512

Hong Kong & Whampoa

Hong Kong

Hong Kong & Whampoa

Hong Kong

Triple Expansion Steam

2500 IHP

1

King Gruffydd (2)

GCQJ

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