SCOT was built in 1891 by Wm Denny & Bros at Dumbarton with a tonnage of 6844grt, a length of 500ft, a beam of 54ft 7in and a service speed of 18.5 knots.
The first twin screw liner on the Cape run she cost £254,000 to build and was launched on 30th December 1890 by Miss Giles, the Chairman's daughter. Her figurehead was of Sir William Wallace, a Scottish hero, and her stern was decorated with Royal Arms of Great Britain and the Lion of Scotland.
During her trials on 8th May 1891 she achieved a speed of 19.62 knots over the measured mile in Stokes Bay.
Her maiden voyage from Southampton to Cape Town via Madeira was completed in the record time of 15 days 9 hrs 52 mins and this was reduced, in 1893, to 14 days 18 hrs 57 mins, a record which was to stand for 43 years until surpassed in 1936 by the Stirling Castle. However, fuel consumption was high and at the April 1893 AGM the Chairman reported that the ship had incurred a loss of £5,000.
By now she had a white hull and was referred to as Union's 'White Elephant'. In December 1895 she had to put into Vigo with engine problems and after transferring her passengers to other ships returned to Southampton.
During her repairs at Harland & Wolff's yard attempts were made to increase her payload by lengthening her by 54 feet but this proved to be unsuccessful.
In 1897 the millionaire Barney Barnato committed suicide by jumping overboard during the night.
She was used as a troopship during the Boer War and during this time was transferred to the Union-Castle fleet following the merger in 1900. She was given the new red and black funnel but retained her white hull.
In 1901, together with the Dunvegan Castle, she hosted the members of both Houses of Parliament at King Edward V11's Coronation Spithead review.
On 12th September 1903 she berthed at Southampton for the last time, to be replaced by the Armadale Castle ,and was laid up at Netley until September 1905 when she was sold to the Hamburg America Line and renamed Oceana.
In 1907 she was transferred to cruising following loss of the Prinzessin Viktoria Luise and was converted by Harland & Wolff for such deployment.
She was sold to Bermuda-North Atlantic S.S. Co of Toronto for £40,000 in November 1910 for cruising between New York and Bermuda but still proved expensive to operate.
In 1912 she became the property of Morse Dry Dock Co. after being arrested in New York for outstanding debts and was laid up in the River Hudson. She returned to service in 1914 to provide cruises for Americans who could no longer visit Europe but, although backed by her owners and other US capital, the venture only lasted three months.
In February 1915 she was purchased by Cia Trasatlantica of Cadiz to replace the Alphonso X111 which had sunk at Santander under mysterious circumstances. Renamed Alphonso X111 she was deployed on the New York-Cadiz, and later, Bilbao service to carry Europeans wishing to travel to the US on a neutral vessel.
She was renamed Vasco Nunez de Balboa when a new Alphonso X111 was built in 1923 and continued on the New York route until later transferred to the Cadiz-Havana run.
She was laid up at Cadiz in 1925 and finally sold in February 1927 to Italian shipbreakers.
THE ILLUSTRATED LONDON NEWS
JULY 18, 1896
The Greater Scot, as she has been aptly dubbed. On July 18 takes her regular place among the sailings of the Union Steam-ship Company to South Africa in all the pride of her increased length and other structural improvements, which have been some time in progress in the shipbuilding yard of Messrs. Harland and Wolff, of Belfast.
When, six years ago, this fine vessel of 500ft in length was added to the fleet of the Union Steam-ship Company, many people thought she was before her time; but passenger traffic with South Africa developed so rapidly that three years later the yet larger Norman was added and six months ago it was decided to send the Scot to the shipbuilders to have her length increased by 54ft., The first-class sleeping accommodation extended and the general fittings improved.
For the purpose of adding to the ship’s length, she was cut in two immediately in front of the foremost boiler-room bulkhead, at which point all the rivets were drilled out in the plates. When everything had been made ready, the fore part of the vessel was hauled away to the extent of 54ft., This space being then built up with fresh material.
With a length which closely approaches that of the largest vessels running on the Atlantic, and with a tonnage of nearly 8000 tons, the Greater Scot again takes a prominent position in the South African mail services.
On Saturday she made a successful trial trip from Holyhead to Southampton, with a distinguished company on board, who assembled at the invitation of Sir Francis Evans and the directors
A waterline drawing of the lovely Scot.
She is shown before she was lengthened in 1896
RMS Scot by Peter Bilas
Appears on a set of stamps South Africa issued on 5th December 2007 showing Union-Castle Vessels.
They also issued a commemorative cover showing RMS Scot
At Port Natal (Durban)
In attendance at the bow is the passenger tender Natal (2)
Scot leaving Southampton for The Cape
The Royal Mail Pennant at the fore mast head.
Suffolk Regiment - 1st Battalion
Early November from Southampton
28 November at Cape Town
Barney Barnato was an outstanding character of the diamond fields, if anything more colourful than Rhodes. He and Cecil Rhodes waged an epic fight for control of the de Beers diggings. We all know who won, but Barney was in no way a financial loser as a result.
Barney was born in 1851 into a dirt poor Jewish family in Whitechapel, the poorest slum in the East End of London. Conditions were dire. At the age of 14 Barnet Isaacs, as he was named, left school and began hustling for small change.
By the age of 22 he had saved enough money to pay for a passage in steerage to Cape Town, to join his brother in the diamond fields. His working capital was a box of cheap cigars. On arrival in Cape Town Barney found he could not afford the coach fare to Kimberley so he walked, a journey that took him three months. Starting off with more small time hustling, boxing for prize money, doing music hall acts and dabbling in IDB (Illicit Diamond Buying) he built up a growing stake, and within 10 years he had made a million pounds.
Barnato’s death oddly has become a mystery over time, with speculation abounding as whether he committed suicide or was murdered.
When his death occurred there was no mystery at all. Barney sailed for London in June 1897 on board the steamer RMS Scot, along with his wife and children.
He was aged 46. The following report was published in the Pueblo Indicator of Colorado, as follows:
“Funchal, Madeira, June 15. Barnato, who had been in ill health for some time past, seemed to improve after leaving Cape Town, but he was never left alone, and someone was constantly detailed to watch him. Yesterday, after lunch, between 2 and 3 ‘o clock he seemed in very good spirits and was walking up and down the deck on a passenger’s arm. Suddenly Barnato asked his companion to tell him the time. But before he received a reply he wrenched his arm away and jumped overboard. The fourth officer (W T Clifford) jumped over board after him immediately, but he failed to save the life of the South African speculator, as heavy seas were running, and the steamer was running at the rate of seventeen knots. As soon as possible the steamer was stopped, a lifeboat was lowered and pulled to the spot where the two men were last seen. The fourth officer was rescued in an exhausted condition, and later the body of Barnato was recovered, floating head down. His remains have been embalmed and will be taken to England on board the Scot.”
Credit to “Muizenburg History”